Vitrectomy surgery is a general procedure used to treat a variety of eye conditions. These conditions may include natural degeneration of the vitreous humor, macular holes, macular pucker, vitreous bleeding, retinal detachment, or in some cases, injury. Although the reason for undergoing Vitrectomy surgery may vary from person to person, the procedure is largely universal.
The surgery involves the removal of the vitreous humor – a gel-like matrix comprising the bulk of the eyeball – through three small incisions. Since the vitreous humor provides the eyeball with structure, it must be replaced with a similar substance in order to prevent collapse. Where surgeries vary however, is in the mode surgeons employ to facilitate recovery.